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Take yourself back in time to the old Cobb & Co staging post of the One Tree Hotel made famous by Banjo Patterson's immortal poem, 'Hay and Hell and Booligal'. Built in 1862, the One Tree Hotel was named because of this lone large gum tree growing on a clay pan near a shallow fresh water well, about half a mile away. The hotel was a thriving business in the days until the licence was allowed to lapse in 1942.


One Tree is a location on the Cobb Highway on the flat plain between Hay and Booligal in the Riverina district of New South Wales, Australia. In 1862 a public house was built there – the One Tree Inn – and the locality developed as a coach changing-stage and watering-place between the Murrumbidgee and Lachlan rivers. One Tree village was surveyed and proclaimed in 1882, though the location remained as just an amenity on the plain, centred on the hotel.


The existing One Tree Hotel is the second building of that name to occupy the site. The first hotel was destroyed by fire in 1903. The hotel was re-built in the same manner as the original structure (by the provisions of the insurance policy).


The license of the One Tree Hotel was relinquished in 1942 by its last publican, Frank McQuade. The One Tree Hotel is an important historical building, providing a tangible link to the heyday of pastoral settlement in the Riverina.


The name ‘One Tree’ derives from the presence of a large gum tree on the otherwise treeless plain (called the One Tree Plain). The landmark tree was destroyed by a storm in January 1900. The One Tree Hotel is constructed of split cypress-pine logs, with verandahs on three sides and a hipped corrugated-iron roof. Twelve-paned windows are located between the four panel doors which open along the verandahs. There is a detached kitchen and small weatherboard shed at the rear of the building. The building was an accurate 1903 replication of the original 1862 hotel which had been destroyed by fire. The insurance company, the Australian Mutual Fire Insurance Society, stipulated the hotel was to be replaced with one identical to the original.

The One Tree Hotel was placed on the Register of the National Estate in May 1991.

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Photos Courtesy Scott Westlake Photography

Distance & direction from Sydney: 773 Klms W SW

Cobb Highway, One Tree (38klms N of Hay)


One Tree Hotel

Historic Site, New South Wales

Destinations to explore near One Tree Hotel

Hay

Original hotel c1890’s

The rebuilt hotel c1903